16-Row CT Not Ready for Reliable CAD Diagnosis

According to a Cleveland Clinic study published in JAMA:

"CT coronary angiography performed with 16-row scanners is limited by a high number of nonevaluable cases and a high false-positive rate. Thus, its routine implementation in clinical practice is not justified. "

Sensitivity for detecting more than 50% luminal stenoses was 89%; specificity, 65%; positive predictive value, 13%; and negative predictive value, 99%.

According to investigators:

"If you have a positive result on a cardiac CT, the diagnosis could be in doubt, but if the result is negative, you virtually exclude the possibility of having a blockage."

The study was done with the first generation of cardiac CT. Many centers now use more advanced scanners which have 64 detectors instead of just 16.

Accuracy of 16-Row Multidetector Computed Tomography for the Assessment of Coronary Artery Stenosis. JAMA. 2006;296:403-411.
Heart Scan Study. NBC4.TV.
Image sources: Wikipedia

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