The ACC/AHA 2007 Guidelines on Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation and Care for Noncardiac Surgery replaced the intermediate-risk category for patient risk with the factors from the Revised Cardiac Risk Index. I had to adjust my PAST mnemonic accordingly - generally speaking, there are 4 major variables in the preoperative evaluation, remembered by the mnemonic PAST:
Activity level - measured in METs
Test (stress test) or Treat (beat-blocker)?
Revised Cardiac Risk Index (Circulation. 1999;100:1043-1049):
High-risk type of surgery
Ischemic heart disease
History of congestive heart failure
History of cerebrovascular disease
Insulin therapy for diabetes
Preoperative serum creatinine >2.0 mg/dL
4CD is a mnemonic to remember the risk factors in RCRI:
ACC/AHA 2007 Guidelines on Perioperative Cardiovascular Evaluation and Care for Noncardiac Surgery: Executive Summary. Circulation, 2007.
Preoperative Care of Patients with Kidney Disease. Clinical Cases and Images.