Controversies in COPD treatment

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic disorder with high mortality rates (one of the top 5 causes of death).

COPD is expected to rise to the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030. More than 25% of COPD patients have never been smokers.

Some important controversies in COPD management still exist:

- The classic way to define COPD has been based on spirometric criteria, but more relevant diagnostic methods are needed that can be used to describe COPD severity and comorbidity

- Initiation of interventions earlier in the natural history of the disease to slow disease progression is debatable

- There are controversies about the role of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in the management of COPD

- Long-term antibiotics for prevention of exacerbation have had a resurgence in interest

New drugs are urgently needed for management of COPD exacerbation.

COPD is a complex disease and consists of several phenotypes that in future would guide its management.



Asthma Inhalers (click to enlarge the image). Advair and Symbicort are FDA-approved for treatment of COPD in the U.S.



COPD Action Plan - National Jewish - YouTube http://buff.ly/1pwyHZL

References:

Controversies in treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Prof Klaus F Rabe MD a , Jadwiga A Wedzicha MD b. The Lancet, Volume 378, Issue 9795, Pages 1038 - 1047, 10 September 2011.

New insights into the immunology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The Lancet, Volume 378, Issue 9795, Pages 1015 - 1026, 10 September 2011.

COPD—more vigorous research needed. The Lancet, Volume 378, Issue 9795, Page 962, 10 September 2011.

Diagnosis and Management of COPD - Current Guidelines

Image source: Enlarged view of lung tissue showing the difference between healthy lung and COPD, Wikipedia, public domain.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Blog Widget by LinkWithin