- male sex
- lower socioeconomic background
- early academic difficulties at medical school
59 doctors who had graduated from 8 medical schools in the United Kingdom in 1958-97 and had a proved finding of serious professional misconduct in 1999-2004 (cases) and 236 controls (four for each case) were included in the study.
The findings are preliminary and should be interpreted with caution. Most doctors with risk factors will not come before disciplinary panels.
Image source: OpenClipArt.org (public domain).